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A komornyik

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The Butler

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A komornyik a 20. századi Amerika zsúfolt politikai hátterének világában játszódik. Az Oscar-díjra jelölt rendező, Lee Daniels nagyszabású drámája Cecil Gaines, a Fehér Ház komornyikjának kitalált történetét meséli el, aki hét elnök alatt is szolgált 1957 és 1986 között. A filmet egy 2008-ban, a Washington Postban megjelent cikk inspirálta, mely egy korábbi komornyik, Eugene Allen valódi történetét mesélte el.

Daniels filmje 1926-ban indul, amikor Cecil elmenekül a szegregáció által sújtott Délről egy jobb élet reményében. Nehézségekkel teli útján a férfi elsajátítja mindazokat a nélkülözhetetlen készségeket, melyek élete legnagyobb lehetőségéhez vezetik: komornyiki álláshoz az Egyesült Államok elnöki rezidenciáján. Itt Cecil szemtanújává válik az Ovális Iroda életének a polgárjogi mozgalmak kibontakozásának időszakában. Állásának köszönhetően felesége, Gloria két gyereküket kényelmes középosztálybeli miliőben neveli, ám a férfi szakmai elkötelezettsége lassan elidegeníti tőle, és konfliktushoz vezet renitens fiával is.

Kritika


A komornyik

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The Butler

The Butler (full title Lee Daniels' The Butler)[4][5] is a 2013 American historical drama film directed and produced by Lee Daniels and written by Danny Strong.[6] Loosely based on the real life of Eugene Allen, the film stars Forest Whitaker as Cecil Gaines, an African-American who is a witness of notable political and social events of the 20th century during his 34-year tenure serving as a White House butler.[7][8] In addition to Whitaker, the film's all-star cast also features Oprah Winfrey, John Cusack, Jane Fonda, Alex Pettyfer, Cuba Gooding Jr., Terrence Howard, Lenny Kravitz, James Marsden, David Oyelowo, Vanessa Redgrave, Alan Rickman, Liev Schreiber, Robin Williams, Minka Kelly, Mariah Carey and Clarence Williams III. It was the last film produced by Laura Ziskin,[9][10] who died in 2011. The film was theatrically released by The Weinstein Company on August 16, 2013, to mostly positive reviews from critics,[11][12] grossing over $176 million worldwide against a budget of $30 million.[13]

Fehér Ház

A Fehér Ház (angolul White House) az Amerikai Egyesült Államok mindenkori elnökének hivatalos lakóhelye és munkahelye Washingtonban. Mivel az elnök hivatala itt található, a Fehér Ház kifejezést gyakran használják a kormányzat metonímiájaként, például „A Fehér Ház abszurdnak nevezte azt a feltételezést, hogy az amerikai katonák nyitottak tüzet.” Az amerikai húszdolláros bankjegy hátoldalán a Fehér Ház képe látható. Az elnöki rezidencia épülete klasszicizáló stílusban, homokkőből épült. Nevét homlokzatának fehér színéről kapta. Pontos címe Pennsylvania Avenue NW 1600, Washington, USA. Az épület kódneve az amerikai titkosszolgálaton belül Crown. A telek része a President's Park-nak és tulajdonosa a National Park Service.

Forest Whitaker

Forest Steven Whitaker (Longview, 1961. július 15. – ) Oscar-díjas amerikai színész, rendező és producer. Whitaker legnagyobb szakmai sikerét a 2006-ban bemutatott Az utolsó skót király című filmjével érte el, amelyben Uganda hírhedt diktátorát, Idi Amin Dadát játszotta el. Alakításért nemcsak a legjobb férfi főszereplőnek járó Oscar-díjat érdemelte ki, hanem Golden Globe-díjjal és BAFTA-díjjal is jutalmazták. Ő az Oscar történetének negyedik olyan afroamerikai színésze, aki a legjobb férfi főszereplőként kapta meg az Oscar-díjat, rajta kívül eddig csak Sidney Poitier, Denzel Washington és Jamie Foxx vehette át díjat ebben a kategóriában. További emlékezetes filmjei a Bird - Charlie Parker élete és a Szellemkutya című alkotások. Visszatérő szerepet kapott a The Shield című amerikai sorozatban, amiben Jon Kavanaugh hadnagyot játssza el.

Forest Whitaker

Forest Steven Whitaker has packaged a king-size talent into his hulking 6' 2", 220 lb. frame. He won an Academy Award for his performance as Ugandan dictator Idi Amin in the 2006 film The Last King of Scotland, and has also won a Golden Globe and a BAFTA. He is the fourth African-American male to win an Academy Award for Best Actor, following in the footsteps of Sidney Poitier, Denzel Washington, and Jamie Foxx. Whitaker was born on July 15, 1961 in Longview, Texas, to Laura Francis (Smith), a special education teacher, and Forest Steven Whitaker, an insurance salesman. His family moved to South Central Los Angeles in 1965. The athletically-inclined Whitaker initially found his way into college via a football scholarship. Later, however, he transferred to USC where he set his concentration on music and earned two more scholarships training as an operatic tenor. This, in turn, led to another scholarship at Berkeley with a renewed focus on acting and the performing stage. Whitaker made his film debut at the age of 21 in the raucous comedy _Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982)_ (qv) wherein he played, quite naturally, a footballer. He went on to play another sports-oriented student, a wrestler, in his second film _Vision Quest (1985)_ (qv). He gained experience on TV as well with featured spots on such varied shows as _"Diff'rent Strokes" (1978)_ (qv) and _"Cagney & Lacey" (1981)_ (qv), not to mention the TV-movie Civil War epic _"North and South" (1985)_ (qv) and its sequel. The movie that truly put him on the map was _The Color of Money (1986)_ (qv). His one big scene as a naive-looking pool player who out-hustles 'Paul Newman (I)' (qv)'s Fast Eddie Felson was pure electricity. This led to more visible roles in the "A" class films _Platoon (1986)_ (qv), _Stakeout (1987)_ (qv), and _Good Morning, Vietnam (1987)_ (qv), which culminated in his breakout lead portrayal of the tortured jazz icon 'Charlie "Bird" Parker' in 'Clint Eastwood' (qv)'s passion project _Bird (1988)_ (qv), for which Whitaker won the Cannes Film Festival award for "best actor" and a Golden Globe nomination. Whitaker continued to work with a number of well-known directors throughout the 1990s. While his "gentle giant" characters typically display innocence, indecision, and timidity along with a strong underlying humanity, he has certainly not shied away from the edgier, darker corners of life as his occasional hitmen and other menacing streetwise types can attest. Although in only the first section of the film, he was memorable as the IRA-captured British soldier whose bizarre relationship with a mysterious femme fatale serves as the catalyst for the critically-lauded drama _The Crying Game (1992)_ (qv). Always a willing participant to push the envelope, he's gone on to enhance a number of lesser films. Among those was his plastic surgeon in _Johnny Handsome (1989)_ (qv), gay clothing designer in 'Robert Altman (I)' (qv)'s _Pręt-ŕ-Porter (1994)_ (qv), alien hunter in _Species (1995)_ (qv), absentee father confronted by his estranged son in _Smoke (1995)_ (qv), and Mafia hitman who models himself after the samurai warrior in _Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai (1999)_ (qv), among many others. As would be expected, he's also had his share of epic-sized bombs, notoriously the 'L. Ron Hubbard' (qv) sci-fi disaster _Battlefield Earth (2000)_ (qv). On the TV front, he was the consulting producer and host of a revamped 'Rod Serling' (qv)'s cult series classic _"The Twilight Zone" (2002)_ (qv), which lasted a disappointing one season. In the early 1990s, Whitaker widened his horizons to include producing/directing and has since gained respect behind the camera as well. He started things off co-producing the violent gangster film _A Rage in Harlem (1991)_ (qv), in which he co-starred with 'Gregory Hines (I)' (qv) and 'Robin Givens' (qv), and then made his successful directorial debut with the soulful _Waiting to Exhale (1995)_ (qv), showcasing a legion of distaff black stars. He also directed co-star 'Whitney Houston (I)' (qv)'s music video of the movie's theme song ("Shoop Shoop"). He also helmed the fluffy romantic comedy _First Daughter (2004)_ (qv) with 'Katie Holmes (I)' (qv) and 'Michael Keaton' (qv). Whitaker also served as an executive producer on First Daughter. He had previously executive produced several made-for-television movies, most notably the 2002 Emmy-award winning Door to Door, starring 'William H. Macy' (qv). He produced these projects through his production company, Spirit Dance Entertainment, which he shut down in 2005 to concentrate on his acting career. In 2002, he co-starred in Joel Schumacher's thriller, Phone Booth, with Kiefer Sutherland and Colin Farrell. That year, he also co-starred with Jodie Foster in Panic Room. Whitaker's greatest success to date is the 2006 film, The Last King of Scotland. His performance earned him the 2007 Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, For that same role, he also received the Golden Globe Award, the Screen Actors Guild Award, a BAFTA Award, and many critical accolades. He has also received several other honors. In September 2006, the 10th Annual Hollywood Film Festival presented him with its "Hollywood Actor of the Year Award," He was also honored at the Santa Barbara International Film Festival 2007, receiving the American Riviera Award. Previously, in 2005, the Deauville Festival of American Film paid tribute to him. In 2007, Forest Whitaker won the Cinema for Peace Award 2007. In 2007, Whitaker co-starred in The Great Debaters with fellow Oscar winner 'Denzel Washington' (qv), and in 2008, Whitaker played opposite 'Keanu Reeves' (qv) in Street Kings and 'Dennis Quaid' (qv) in Vantage Point. In 2009, Forest co-starred in the Warner Bros. film "Where the Wild Things Are," directed by Spike Jonze, which was a mix of live-action, animation and puppetry as an adaptation of the Maurice Sendak classic children's book. Around the same time, he also starred in "Repossession Mambo", with Jude Law, "Hurricane Season", "Winged Creatures", and "Powder Blue". He appeared in the Olivier Dahan film "My Own Love Song", opposite Renee Zellweger, and was part of the Africa Movie Academy Awards in 2009, in Nigeria. He is married to former model 'Keisha Whitaker' (qv) and has three children by her. His younger brothers 'Kenn Whitaker' (qv) and 'Damon Whitaker' (qv) are both actors as well. Forest was given a star on the Hollywood Walk in April of 2007. In November 2007, Whitaker was the creative mind behind DEWmocracy.com, a website that let people decide the next flavor of Mountain Dew in a "People's Dew" poll. He directed a short film and created the characters for the video game. Whitaker has done extensive humanitarian work, he has been involved with organizations like, Penny Lane, an organization that provides assistance to abused teenagers. PETA and Farm Sanctuary, organizations that protect animals' rights. Close friends with Neurosurgeon Dr. Keith Black, Forest has helped raise awareness and funds for Dr. Blacks research. During the last couple of years, he has become a spokesperson for Hope North Ugandan orphanage and Human Rights Watch. In the year 2001 Forest received a Humanitas Prize. He was recently honored by The City of Los Angeles with the Hope of Los Angeles Award. And his entire clan received the LA BEST Family Focus Award. Last year he joined forces with "Idol Gives Back" and "Malaria No More"; he has become a GQ Ambassador supporting and fundraising for Hope North. He was a Surrogate for Barrack Obama's campaign supporting him across the United States. Whitaker's multimedia company, Spirit Dance Entertainment, includes film, television and music production. He works closely with a number of charitable organizations, giving back to his community by serving as an Honorary Board Members for Penny Lane, an organization that provides assistance to abused teenagers, the Human Rights Watch and The Hope North organization.

Mariah Carey

Mariah Carey (Huntington, 1970. március 27. –) ötszörös Grammy-díjas amerikai pop- és R&B-énekesnő, az 1990-es és 2000-es évek egyik legsikeresebb előadója. Első lemeze 1990-ben jelent meg a Columbia Recordsnál. Carey volt az első előadó, akinek első öt kislemeze mind vezette a Billboard Hot 100 slágerlistát; többi dala is nagy sikert ért el, és a Columbiához leszerződött legsikeresebb előadóvá tette. 1993-ban házasságot kötött a kiadó vezetőjével, Tommy Mottolával. Miután 1997-ben különváltak, Carey nagyobb alkotói szabadságot kapott, és dalaiba több hiphop- és R&B-elemet épített. A 2000-es évek elején kevesebb sikert aratott, mint korábban, de 2005-ben megjelent The Emancipation of Mimi stúdióalbumával ismét visszatért a slágerlisták élére. A Billboard magazin szerint ő az 1990-es évek legsikeresebb amerikai énekese,[2] a 100 legsikeresebb előadót felsoroló Billboard-listán az 5. helyre került.[3]

Mariah Carey

Mariah Carey was born in Long Island, New York. She is the daughter of Patricia (Hickey), who is of Irish descent, and Alfred Roy Carey, who was of Afro-Venezuelan ancestry. Mariah attended Greenlawn's Harborfields High School. In June of 1990, Mariah made her debut with "Mariah Carey" which entered at #73, but on August 4, 1990, it reached #1. Her 1990 self-titled debut album went multi-platinum and spawned an extraordinary four consecutive #1 singles: "Vision of Love," "Love Takes Time," "Someday" and "I Don't Wanna Cry," and led to Grammy Awards for Best New Artist and Best Female Vocalist. Her 1993 album titled Music Box went ten-times platinum. On September 30, 1995, she made music history. Her single "Fantasy" from her 1995 Daydream album debuted at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, making her the first female artist to accomplish a number one debut in the U.S. Her other Daydream's single "One Sweet Day" remained for 16 weeks at the top of the charts. She is the only artist since 'The Beatles' (qv) to have so many #1 singles and albums. With "Heartbreaker", the first single from her 1999 album Rainbow and also her 14 #1 single, she became the only artist to top the charts in each year of the 1990s, and with "Heartbreaker" at its 60th week atop the Billboard's charts, she pushed ahead of 'The Beatles' (qv)'s 59-week record as the only artist with the most cumulative weeks spent atop Billboard's Hot 100 Singles chart. Following "Heartbreaker," her second single "Thank God I Found You" also from her Rainbow album became her 15th #1. "We Belong Together" from her 2005 album The Emancipation of Mimi became her 16th #1 single and was also her first #1 without any guest artists since her song "My All" (also a #1 single) captured the top spot in May 1998. The single "Don't Forget About Us" also from her 2005 album Emancipation of Mimi became her 17th #1 single, tying her with Elvis Presley's 17 #1 singles. Three more Grammy Awards were gained from The Emancipation of Mimi album. She is the most successful selling female artist in music history and is the only female artist to have the most #1 singles and albums and also holds the record for straight #1 singles and albums each year. Along with numerous awards and incredible vocal range, she also composes all of her own material, with the exception of song covers. In April 2008, the single "Touch My Body" became her 18th #1 single, pushing her ahead of Elvis Presley's 17 #1 singles. Now she is the only artist since 'The Beatles' (qv) to have as many number one singles and the only singer alive likely to succeed them.

Oprah Winfrey

Oprah Winfrey (eredeti nevén: Orpah Gail Winfrey, Kosciusko, Mississippi, USA, 1954. január 29. –) amerikai televíziós műsorvezető, alkalmi színésznő, producer, üzletasszony. Az igazi hírnevet a saját nevével fémjelzett The Oprah Winfrey Show hozta meg 1986-ban, amely egy Amerikában futó beszélgetőműsor, amelynek utolsó adása 2011-ben volt. Egyike a 20. és 21. század leggazdagabb és legbefolyásosabb amerikai személyiségeinek.

Oprah Winfrey

Oprah Winfrey was born Orpah Gail Winfrey in Kosciusko, Mississippi, to Vernita Lee, a former maid, and Vernon Winfrey, a coal miner, barber, and city councilman. While Winfrey has been cited as the richest African American of the 20th century, she does not come from a rich, or even middle class, family. She was born in an economically troubled neighborhood and raised by a single-teenaged mother in the city of Milwaukee. Orpah, named after a biblical character, had a name no one could pronounce, so her family and friends starting calling her Oprah. Shortly after Oprah's birth, Vernita Lee left her daughter and traveled north. Oprah was then raised by her grandmother,Hatti Mae Lee. Oprah while being raised by her grandmother lived in terrible conditions. Oprah's only friends were farm animals,however even at that age Oprah had a very imaginative mind. Oprah would frequently give the animals dramatic parts and included them in games. This was perhaps where she had gotten the craze for acting, and would soon be seen in legendary masterpieces such as The Color Purple. Oprah because of her grandmother's values, had religion and God instilled in herself at a very young age. Oprah because of her grandmother knew how to read,and write before the age of three. Oprah during church would recite poems,and verses from the bible. Soon the church, and the entire neighborhood knew she had a gift and was nicknamed,"The Little Speaker". This would soon prompt her to become a woman with a strong perspective, which millions across the world would want to have insight on. This prepared her for The Oprah Winfrey Show. Due to her ability to read and write before the age of three, when enrolled in school she was often promoted several grades ahead of her age. Oprah at the age of six went to live with her mother, Vernita Lee. Vernita worked as a maid, so Oprah was often left alone at home with her cousins. Oprah due to her busy mother was paid little attention to at home, this is what prompted Oprah to started misbehaving and talking back to her mother. Vernita Lee then decided it was best Oprah live with her father in Nashville Tennessee. Oprah while living in Tennessee, found out her mother was pregnant and her mother requested for her to come back to Milwaukee to live with her mother and half-sister. When Oprah was nine she was raped by her nineteen year old cousin who was baby sitting her. This wouldn't be the only time she was sexually abused she would then be sexually abused by her cousin, a family friend,her mother's boyfriend, and her uncle during her stay in Milwaukee. Toward all these incidents, she never told a soul because the predators swore her to silence. At the age of thirteen Oprah ran away from home, this was due to her years of abuse and at the age of fourteen she became pregnant with an ill son who died shortly after birth. Oprah took the death of her son as she was given a second chance in life. Oprah's mother sent her to live once again with her father in Nashville,Tennessee. Oprah's father was very strict and made education the number-one priority for Oprah. Oprah attended Nashville East High School. Oprah during high-school wasn't precisely certain toward what she wanted to do, however she knew it was something with speaking or drama. Oprah was also elected school president and met with president Richard Nixon being apart of public speaking classes in her high-school. Oprah during the last year of high-school was rehearsing with her drama class when a local radio station, WVOL spotted her and asked her if she would like to read on radio. Oprah was then given a job reading the news on the radio. Oprah soon entered into a public speaking contest where the grand prize was a scholarship to Tennessee State University. Oprah won the contest and received a scholarship to Tennessee State University where she majored in Speech Communications and Performing Arts. Oprah during her college education was offered a job as a co-anchor on the CBS television station, she declined several times before she was convinced by her speech professor that it may be the ultimate step to launch her career. Oprah wanted to find work outside of Nashville Tennessee and was soon offered a job in Baltimore,Maryland. The job offer came up a few months before her graduation, she had to choose between the job and graduating, so she decided to choose the job in Maryland as the offer was very tempting. At the job in Maryland she wasn't a very good reporter and was shortly fired. Oprah's boss set her up as a talk show host on a morning talk show called, "People Are Talking". Immediately after the first show Oprah new this is what she wanted to do for the rest of her life. Oprah strengthened the talk show for seven years and then she decided it was time to move on. In 1981 Oprah sent recorded tapes of the show to a talk-show in Chicago called A.M. Chicago. They immediately offered her the job and in September of 1985 she changed the name of the show to, "The Oprah Winfrey Show". The first broadcast of The Oprah Winfrey Show was on September,8,1986 it broadcast nationally. The Oprah Winfrey show first targeted woman, however soon due to controversial topics and intriguing topics Oprah brought on to the show it appealed to people of all genders,ethnics,and ages. Oprah promoted many things on her show such as books, movie releases all of which people were eager to know what her opinions were of them. Oprah helped broaden not just woman's point of view and significance but Oprah helped to realize that every human has an importance in this world. From it's first broadcast The Oprah Winfrey show went on to receive multiple Day Time Emmy Awards and several other prestigious awards.Winfrey expanded the Oprah Winfrey show and started releasing a monthly magazine which was called, O:The Oprah Magazine. The first issue was in 2000. The series finale of the Oprah Winfrey Show as on it's twenty-fifth season and it aired on May,25,2011. Concluding a segment of her career toward which she used as a device to inspire millions and help thousands to lead a better life. Oprah's made her debut as a film actress in the 1985 period drama film, The Color Purple. Oprah played a troubled housewife named, Sofia. Oprah was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. This movie went on to become a Broadway musical adaptation. In 1998 Oprah starred in the movie, Beloved which she also produced. Winfrey played the character Sethe who was a former slave. Winfrey has also acted in several movies such as Charlotte's Web,Bee Movie,and The Princess And The Frog. Oprah Winfrey in 1998 received an Achievement Award from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. In 2011 Oprah Winfrey received a Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award from the Academy Of Motion Pictures Arts And Sciences. Oprah Winfrey will forever be remembered as an innovator through the landmarks she made, becoming the first African American to host a television show. Inspiring millions of people across the world, discussing significant issues on her show such as equal rights toward genders,racism,poverty, and many others. Oprah will be seen as an icon someone who paved the way for others to become successful.

Washington (főváros)

Washington az Amerikai Egyesült Államok fővárosa. Nevét az ország első elnökéről, George Washingtonról kapta. Columbia Kerület (District of Columbia) és Washington város területe egybeesik és egyetlen önkormányzat igazgatja őket. A legtöbbször praktikus szempontból egynek tekintik őket. A kerületben legutóbb 1871-ben volt két önkormányzat, amikor Georgetown elvesztette önállóságát. Az önkormányzat és a polgármester hatáskörei szűkebbek, mint másutt az Egyesült Államokban, mivel a város és a kerület felett a Kongresszus rendelkezik fennhatósággal. A kerület lakóinak teljes kongresszusi képviselete sincs, a Képviselőház munkájában csak egy, mindössze tanácskozási joggal rendelkező megbízottjuk van, viszont az elnökválasztásban részt vehetnek, három elektori szavazattal. Washington az Egyesült Államok szövetségi kormányzata mindhárom hatalmi ágának székhelye. Itt van a Világbank, a Nemzetközi Valutaalap, az Amerikai Államok Szervezete és más nemzeti és nemzetközi intézmények székhelye is. Washington – különösen a National Mall park – gyakran a színhelye nagy politikai tüntetéseknek. A városban számos nemzeti történelmi emlék, emlékmű és múzeum található, ezért népszerű turistacélpont. Köznapi neve angolul D.C. (kiejtve díszí), vagy egyszerűen Washington. Korábban Federal City (Szövetségi Város) vagy Washington City (Washington Város) neveken is emlegették. A D.C. nevet azért használják gyakran, hogy egyértelmű legyen, hogy Washington városról és nem Washington államról van szó. Columbia kerület lakossága 2005-ös hivatalos becslés szerint 582 049 fő. Tősgyökeres washingtoni családot, vagy bizonyos környékeken bennszülött washingtonit nehéz találni, mivel az elmúlt száz évben erős volt az értelmiségiek beáramlása az ország minden tájáról. A Washingtoni Nagyvárosi Övezet (Washington Metropolitan Area) népessége meghaladja az ötmilliót, a Baltimore-Washingtoni Nagyvárosi Övezeté pedig a nyolcmillió főt. Ha Washington, D.C. állam volna, terület alapján az országban a legkisebb lenne Rhode Island után, népességben az 50. Wyoming előtt, népsűrűségben az első New Jersey előtt, bruttó nemzeti termékben pedig a 35.

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A komornyik című filmnek 41 jegyzett producere van, valószínűleg ez világrekordnak számít.

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